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Mongolia. Population: 3,382,223.

Land area is 1,553,560 Km2 (599,833 sq. miles). Capital: Ulan Bato

  • The current population of Mongolia is 3,378,477 as of Saturday, May 28, 2022, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data.
  • Mongolia 2020 population is estimated at 3,278,290 people at mid year according to UN data.
  • Mongolia population is equivalent to 0.04% of the total world population.
  • Mongolia ranks number 136 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Mongolia is 2 per Km2 (5 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 1,553,560 Km2 (599,833 sq. miles)
  • 67.2 % of the population is urban (2,203,469 people in 2020)
  • The median age in Mongolia is 28.2 years.

Population of Mongolia (2020 and historical)

Year Population Yearly%
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban
Pop%
Urban Population World Population Global Rank
2020 3,278,290 1.65 % 53,123 -852 28.2 2.90 2 67.2% 2,203,469 7,794,798,739 136
2019 3,225,167 1.73 % 54,951 -852 27.3 2.85 2 67.3% 2,170,247 7,713,468,100 136
2018 3,170,216 1.81 % 56,430 -852 27.3 2.85 2 67.4% 2,136,710 7,631,091,040 136
2017 3,113,786 1.88 % 57,422 -852 27.3 2.85 2 67.5% 2,102,610 7,547,858,925 137
2016 3,056,364 1.93 % 57,925 -852 27.3 2.85 2 67.6% 2,067,613 7,464,022,049 137
2015 2,998,439 1.97 % 55,709 -852 27.1 2.84 2 67.7% 2,031,123 7,379,797,139 137
2010 2,719,896 1.49 % 38,694 -2,200 25.7 2.40 2 67.4% 1,832,856 6,956,823,603 141
2005 2,526,424 1.05 % 25,801 -3,000 24.0 2.08 2 62.5% 1,578,882 6,541,907,027 139
2000 2,397,418 0.85 % 19,880 -10,493 22.0 2.40 2 57.1% 1,369,725 6,143,493,823 138
1995 2,298,020 1.02 % 22,775 -17,686 20.3 3.27 1 56.8% 1,305,410 5,744,212,979 138
1990 2,184,145 2.59 % 52,453 0 19.3 4.84 1 57.0% 1,245,674 5,327,231,061 136
1985 1,921,881 2.61 % 46,452 0 18.5 5.75 1 55.0% 1,057,810 4,870,921,740 139
1980 1,689,622 2.69 % 41,994 0 17.8 6.65 1 52.1% 880,007 4,458,003,514 139
1975 1,479,651 2.96 % 40,165 0 17.5 7.50 1 48.7% 719,938 4,079,480,606 139
1970 1,278,825 2.93 % 34,340 0 18.3 7.50 1 45.1% 576,139 3,700,437,046 140
1965 1,107,124 2.99 % 30,324 0 20.4 7.50 1 42.1% 466,259 3,339,583,597 140
1960 955,505 2.25 % 20,080 0 23.0 6.30 1 35.7% 340,919 3,034,949,748 140
1955 855,103 1.85 % 14,981 0 24.3 5.60 1 26.6% 227,618 2,773,019,936 140

Mongolia Population Forecast

Year Population Yearly%
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban
Pop%
Urban Population World Population Global Rank
2020 3,278,290 1.80 % 55,970 -852 28.2 2.90 2 67.2% 2,203,469 7,794,798,739 136
2025 3,513,907 1.40 % 47,123 -852 29.0 2.90 2 67.2% 2,362,934 8,184,437,460 135
2030 3,716,210 1.13 % 40,461 -852 29.2 2.90 2 67.7% 2,514,445 8,548,487,400 134
2035 3,904,133 0.99 % 37,585 -852 29.2 2.90 3 68.3%  2,666,400 8,887,524,213 131
2040 4,089,203 0.93 % 37,014 -852 30.0 2.90 3 69.1%  2,827,310 9,198,847,240 131
2045 4,272,631 0.88 % 36,686 -852 31.4 2.90 3 70.2% 2,998,412 9,481,803,274 132
2050 4,448,930 0.81 % 35,260   32.7 2.90 3 71.2 % 3,167,269 9,735,033,990 132

Main Cities by Population in Mongolia

# CITY NAME POPULATION  
  1 Ulan Bator 844,818  
  2 Erdenet 79,647  
  3 Darhan 74,300  
  4 Khovd 30,500  
  5 OElgii 28,400  
  6 Ulaangom 28,085  
  7 Hovd 27,924  
  8 Murun-kuren 27,690  
  9 Bayanhongor 26,252  
  10 Arvayheer 25,622  
  11 Suhbaatar 24,235  
  12 Bayanhongor 23,234  
  13 Saynshand 19,891  
  14 Dzuunharaa 18,830  
  15 Zuunmod 17,630  
  16 Bulgan 17,348  
  17 Uliastay 16,240  
  18 Baruun-Urt 15,805  
  19 Altai 15,800  
  20 Mandalgovi 15,430  
  21 Dalandzadgad 15,093  



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